*This text is an answer to the question of Pascal Detzler “How is Healthcare for Asylum Seekers Regulated in the EU and in Russia?”
It should also be noted that there is such a category as recognised refugees. Persons with refugee status have the same rights formally for healthcare as Russians. However, in practice an exercise of many rights, including in healthcare, is contingent upon a registration document (a residence permit), and more importantly a permanent one, which many refugees do not have. It includes the rights for free baby nutrition, free medicines and, in the case of those with a serious disease, special medical rehabilitation equipment for the disabled, etc.
Only asylum seekers of the first category are entitled to have an obligatory medical insurance and only for the duration of a certificate. An insurance enables a person to get free medical treatment and to the extent envisaged by the insurance. But an insurance does not cover all types of medical treatment.
Those asylum seekers who have been granted a temporary asylum are entitled to have an obligatory medical insurance for the time of asylum, i.e. usually for one year. They do not enjoy any other rights reserved for small children, seriously ill persons and disabled.