With the influx of irregular migrants into the EU only having partially subsided due to the closing of the Western Balkans route, criminals still smuggle migrants across the Mediterranean and other secondary routes making it one of the most profitable forms of transnational crime in Europe. An effective and coordinated judicial and law enforcement response across the EU is still lacking and the tools to deal with this problem are only slowly being put in place.
This seminar will look into the various aspects that need to be considered when dealing with migrant smuggling in order to identify the actions that can be taken to enhance cross-border judicial and law enforcement cooperation in this field.
The seminar will provide participants with an overview of the two European directives prohibiting discrimination on the grounds of race or ethnic origin in a number of areas, as well as on disability, age, sexual orientation or religion/belief in employment and occupation.
Effective Environmental Impact Assessment in the EU
ERA Academy of European Law
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This seminar will analyse practical experience with the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive in the EU. The focus will be on the scope and procedure of EIA, the requirements to streamline environmental reporting procedures, the quality control and monitoring of EIA, as well as its interaction with other forms of assessment in EU environmental policy.
The benefits of enhanced public participation in decision-making will be discussed in light of the role of the reasoned conclusion. As new environmental issues – such as climate change, energy, risk of accident and disasters and biodiversity protection – have become more important in policy-making, the seminar will explore ways to deal effectively with these impending challenges.